Minors and Certifications

Certificate in Environmental Science

A certificate in environmental science may accompany a baccalaureate in chemistry, biology, or natural science. Advisors in the environmental science certificate program should be consulted concerning internships as well as employment opportunities within the environmental area.

Required Courses (50 Hours)

Any deviations from the curriculum must be approved in advance by the chairperson of the Department of Natural Sciences.

Course No. Course Cr. Hrs.
BIOL 1151 General Biology 1 4
BIOL 1152 General Biology 2 4
BIOL 3850 Ecology 4
CHEM 1141 General Chemistry 1 4
CHEM 1142 General Chemistry 2 4
CHEM 3323 Analytical Chemistry 1 4
GEOL 1201 Phys. Geol. & Human Environment 4
GEOL 2203 Mineralogy 4
MATH 2201 Calculus 1 4
MATH 2500 Statistics 1 3
NTSC 2850 Intro. to Environmental Science 4
PHYS 1130 Biophysics 3

Minors

Biology Minor

The biology minor may accompany any baccalaureate offered by the University. Program requirements are as follows:

Course No. Course Cr. Hrs.
BIOL 1151 General Biology 1 4
BIOL 1152 General Biology 2 4
Select one of the following:
BIOL 3770 Genetics & Molecular Biology 4
BIOL 3850 Ecology 4
BIOL 4770 Cell Biology 4
Biology Electives
BIOL ---- Biology Electives (Any BIOL course numbered 2000 or above. At least one course must be numbered 3000 or above) 8

Chemistry Minor

The chemistry minor may accompany any baccalaureate offered by the University. Program requirements are as follows:

Course No. Course Cr. Hrs.
CHEM 1141 General Chemistry 1 4
CHEM 1142 General Chemistry 2 4
Chemistry Electives (12 hours)
CHEM 3305 Organic Chemistry 1 4
CHEM 3306 Organic Chemistry 2 4
CHEM 3323 Analytical Chemistry 1 4
CHEM 3325 Analytical Chemistry 2 4
CHEM 4441 Inorganic Chemistry 4

Environmental Science Minor

The environmental science minor is designed to accompany baccalaureates other than biology, chemistry, or natural science. Students seeking a B.S. biology degree with an environmental focus should follow the ecology/environmental biology track. Students seeking a B.S. chemistry or B.S. natural sciences degree and interested in an environmental focus should acquire the certificate in environmental science. Program requirements are as follows:

Course No. Course Cr. Hrs.
BIOL 1151 General Biology 1 4
CHEM 1141 General Chemistry 1 4
GEOL 1201 Phys. Geol. & Human Environment 4
NTSC 2850 Intro. to Environmental Science 4
Select one of the following:
BIOL 1152 General Biology 2 4
CHEM 1142 General Chemistry 2 4
GEOL 2203 Mineralogy 4
Electives: Select one of the following:
BIOL 2250 Plant Taxonomy & Spring Flora 4
BIOL 2252 Dendrology 4
BIOL 3271 Non-Vascular Plants 4
BIOL 3350 Entomology 4
BIOL 3355 Ornithology 3
BIOL 3750 Microbiology 4
BIOL 3850 Ecology 4
BIOL 3852 Marine Biology 4
BIOL 3860 Field Methods 4
CHEM 2200 Introduction to Organic Chemistry 4
CHEM 3305 Organic Chemistry 1 4
CHEM 3323 Analytical Chemistry 1 4
NTSC 3850 Ohio's Natural Heritage 4

Premedical Studies

Admission requirements for every accredited medical school in the United States can be found in Medical School Admission Requirements, published by the Association of American Medical Colleges and available in the Shawnee State library. While there is general commonality in minimum requirements, the premedical studies student should consult the professional school of interest for exact
admission requirements.

The following are the minimal requirements recommended by graduate programs in clinical
medical science (including optometry, dentistry, veterinary medicine, MD and DO programs) in the state of Ohio:

  • 1 year general biology
  • 1 year anatomy and physiology
  • 1 year general chemistry
  • 1 year organic chemistry
  • 1 year physics
  • Proficiency at MATH 1300 level (some schools require Calculus 1)

Students interested in pursuing professional degrees in medicine, veterinary medicine, chiropractic, dentistry, optometry, or other medically related areas are strongly encouraged to follow the bachelor of science in biology, biomedical sciences track. This track is designed to meet the minimum requirements for admission to medically oriented professional schools and to provide additional courses that will help students succeed after acceptance to a professional school.

Grade point average, performance on the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT), an interview, and undergraduate academic recommendations are some of the more important factors considered by medical school admissions committees.

Pre-pharmacy Studies

Pre-pharmacy is not a major. Students who plan to apply for admission to pharmacy schools may major in any area. According to the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, chemistry is the most common major for pre-pharmacy students, but pharmacy students come from a wide variety of backgrounds. Students interested in pharmacy are strongly encouraged to major in chemistry. Whatever the major, applicants for pharmacy school should include the courses listed below in their college careers.

Students who plan to apply for pharmaceutical doctorate programs are advised to check the requirements of the pharmacy schools they want to apply to early in their college careers, since the requirements vary substantially from school to school. Some doctorate programs accept students with two years of pre-pharmacy studies, while others require a minimum of three years. At some schools, a bachelor's degree is required for admission.

The minimum recommended courses for pre-pharmacy students are:

  • BIOL 1151, 1152, 3560, 3561, 3750
  • CHEM 1141, 1142, 3305, 3306, 4411
  • ENGL 1101 or 1102, and 1105
  • MATH 2110, 2120
  • PHYS 2201, 2202, or 2211, 2212

Natural Sciences

Contact Information

Department of Natural Sciences
940 Second Street
Portsmouth, OH 45662

Dr. Kimberly Inman, Chairperson
Sharon Messer, Secretary

Phone: (740) 351-3456
Fax: (740) 351-3815

smesser@shawnee.edu or
science@shawnee.edu

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